Friday, April 4, 2003


一年生 一:one 雨:rain 右:right 円:circle, yen, round 王:king, rule, magnate 音:sound, noise 火:fire 花:flower 下:below, down, descend, give, low, inferior 学:study, learning, science 気:spirit, mind 休:rest, day off, retire, sleep 九:nine 金:gold 玉:jewel, ball 空:empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum 犬:dog 見:see, hopes, chances, idea, opinion, look at, visible 月:month, moon 校:exam, school, printing, proof, correction 口:mouth 五:five 左:left 山:mountain 三:three 糸:thread 四:four 子: child, first sign of Chinese zodiac, sign of the rat 七:seven 車:car 手:hand 出:exit, leave 小:little, small 森:forest, woods 字:character, letter, word, section of village 耳:ear 十:ten 女:woman, female 上:above, up 人 :person 水:water 青:blue, green 生:life, genuine, birth 正:correct, justice, righteous 夕:evening 赤:red 石:stone 川:stream, river 先:before, ahead, previous, future, precedence 千:thousand 草:grass, weeds, herbs, pasture, write, draft 早:early, fast 足:leg, foot, be sufficient, counter for pairs of footwear 村:town, village 大:large, big 男:male 竹:bamboo 中:in, inside, middle, mean, center 虫:insect, bug, temper 町:village, town, block, street 天:heavens, sky, imperial 田:rice field, rice paddy 土:soil, earth, ground, Turkey 二:two 日:day, sun, Japan 入:enter, insert 年:year 白:white 八:eight 貝:shellfish 百:hundred 文:sentence, literature, style, art, decoration, figures, plan 本:book, present, main, true, real, counter for long things 木:tree, wood 名:name, noted, distinguished, reputation 目:eye, class, look, insight, experience, care, favor 立:stand up 力:power, strong, strain, bear up, exert 林:grove, forest 六:six 二年生 引:pull, tug, jerk, admit, install, quote, refer to 羽:feathers, counter for birds, rabbits 雲:cloud 園:park, garden, yard, farm 遠:distant, far 科:department, course, section 歌:song, sing 何:what 夏:summer 家:house, home 海:sea, ocean 絵:picture, drawing, painting, sketch 会:meeting, meet, party, association, interview, join 回:-times, round, game, revolve, counter for occurrences 角:angle, corner, square 活:lively, resuscitation, being helped, living 間:interval, space 画:brush-stroke, picture 外:outside 楽:music, comfort, ease 岩:boulder, rock, cliff 顔:face, expression 丸:round, full, month, perfection, -ship, pills, make round, roll up, curl up, seduce, explain away 汽:vapor, steam 帰:homecoming, arrive at, lead to, result in 記:scribe, account, narrative 弓:bow, bow (archery, violin) 教:teach, faith, doctrine 京:capital 強:strong 近:near, early, akin, tantamount 牛:cow 魚:fish 計:plot, plan, scheme, measure 兄:elder brother, big brother 形:shape, form, style 原:meadow, original, primitive, field, plain, prairie, tundra, wilderness 元:beginning, former time, origin 言:say 戸:door 古:old 考:consider, think over 高:tall, high, expensive 光:ray, light 広:wide, broad, spacious 交:mingle, mixing, association, coming & going 黄:yellow 行:going, journey 公:public, prince, official, governmental 工:craft, construction 国:country 黒:black 谷:valley 今:now 午:noon, seventh sign of Chinese zodiac, sign of the horse 語:word, speech, language 後:behind, back, later 合:fit, suit, join, 0.1 才:genius, years old 細:dainty, get thin, taper, slender, narrow 作:make, production, prepare, build 算:calculate, divining, number, abacus, probability 姉:elder sister 市:market, city, town 思:think 紙:paper 止:stop, halt 矢:dart, arrow 室:room, apartment, chamber, greenhouse, cellar 社:company, firm, office, association, shrine 首:neck 週:week 秋:autumn 春:springtime, spring (season) 書:write 少:few, little 色:color 食:eat, food 新:new 親:parent, intimacy, relative, familiarity, dealer (cards) 心:heart, mind, spirit 寺:Buddhist temple 時:time, hour 自:oneself 弱:weak, frail 場:location, place 数:number, strength, fate, law, figures 図:map, drawing, plan, unexpected, accidentally 晴:clear up 西:west, Spain 声:voice 星:star, spot, dot, mark 雪:snow 切:cut, cutoff, be sharp 線:line, track 船:ship, boat 前:in front, before 組:association, braid, plait, construct, assemble, unite, cooperate, grapple 走:run 多:many, frequent, much 太:plump, thick, big around 体:body, substance, object, reality, counter for images 台:pedestal, a stand, counter for machines and vehicles 池:pond, cistern, pool, reservoir 知:know, wisdom 地:ground, earth 茶:tea 昼:daytime, noon 朝:morning, dynasty, regime, epoch, period, (North) Korea 鳥:bird, chicken 長:long, leader 直:straightaway, honesty, frankness, fix, repair 通:traffic, pass through, avenue, commute, counter for letters 弟:younger brother, faitherful service to elders 点:spot, point, mark, speck, decimal point 店:store, shop 電:electricity 当:hit, right, appropriate, himself 刀:sword, saber, knife 答:solution, answer 東:east 冬:winter 頭:head, counter for large animals 同:same, agree, equal 道:road-way, street, district, journey, course, moral, teachings 読:read 内:inside, within, between, among, house, home 南:south 肉:meat 半:half, middle, odd number, semi-, part- 馬:horse 売:sell 買:buy 麦:barley, wheat 番:turn, number in a series 父:father 風:wind, air, style, manner 分:part, minute of time, segment, share, degree, one's lot, duty, understand, know, rate, 1%, chances, shaku/10 聞:hear, ask, listen 米:rice, USA, metre 歩:walk, counter for steps 方:direction, person, alternative 北:north 母:mama, mother 妹:younger sister 毎:every 万:ten thousand 鳴:chirp, cry, bark, sound, ring, echo, honk 明:bright, light 毛:fur, hair, feather, down 門:gates 夜:night, evening 野:plains, field, rustic, civilian life 友:friend 曜:weekday 用:utilize, business, service, use, employ 来:come, due, next, cause, become 理:logic, arrangement, reason, justice, truth 里:ri, village, parent's home, league 話:tale, talk 三年生 畑:farm, field, garden, one's specialty, (kokuji)  悪:bad, vice, rascal, false, evil, wrong 暗:darkness, disappear, shade, informal, grow dark, be blinded 安:relax, cheap, low, quiet, rested, contented, peaceful 意:idea, mind, heart, taste, thought, desire, care, liking 医:doctor, medicine 委:committee, entrust to, leave to, devote, discard 育:bring up, grow up, raise, rear 員:employee, member, number, the one in charge 院:Ist., institution, temple, mansion, school 飲:drink, smoke, take 運:carry, luck, destiny, fate, lot, transport, progress, advance 泳:swim 駅:station 横:sideways, side, horizontal, width, woof 屋:roof, house, shop, dealer, seller 温:warm 荷:baggage, shoulder-pole load, bear (a burden), shoulder (a gun), load, cargo, freight 化:change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization 界:world 階:storey, stair, counter for storeys of a building 開:open, unfold, unseal 漢:Sino-, China 感:motion, feeling, sensation 寒:cold 館:building, mansion, large building, palace 岸:beach 起:rouse, wake up, get up 期:period, time, date, term 客:guest, visitor, customer, client 級:class, rank, grade 急:hurry, emergency, sudden, steep 球:ball, sphere 究:research, study 宮:Shinto shrine, constellations, palace, princess 去:gone, past, quit, leave, elapse, eliminate, divorce 橋:bridge 局:bureau, board, office, affair, conclusion, court lady, lady-in-waiting, her apartment 曲:bend, music, melody, composition, pleasure, injustice, fault, curve, crooked, perverse, lean 業:business, vocation, arts, performance 銀:silver 苦:suffering, trial, worry, hardship, feel bitter, scowl 区:ward, district 君:old boy, name-suffix 具:tool, utensil, means, possess, ingredients, counter for armor, suits, sets of furniture 係:person in charge, connection, duty, concern oneself 軽:lightly, trifling, unimportant 決:decide, fix, agree upon, appoint 血:blood 県:prefecture 研:polish, study of, sharpen 湖:lake 庫:warehouse, storehouse 幸:happiness, blessing, fortune 港:harbor 向:yonder, facing, beyond, confront, defy, tend toward, approach 根:root, radical, head (pimple) 号:nickname, number, item, title, pseudonym, name, call 祭:ritual, offer prayers, celebrate, deify, enshrine, worship 詩:poem, poetry 死:death, die 使:use 始:commence, begin 指:finger, point to, indicate, put into, play (chess), measure (ruler) 歯:tooth, cog 仕:attend, doing, official, serve 式:style, ceremony, rite, fn, method, system, form, expr 者:someone, person 写:copy, be photographed, describe 酒:sake, alcohol  取:take, fetch, take up 守:guard, protect, defend, obey 主:lord, chief, master, main thing, principal 集:gather, meet, congregate, swarm, flock 終:end, finish 習:learn 拾:pick up, gather, find, go on foot, ten 州:state, province 宿:inn, lodging, relay station, dwell, lodge, be pregnant, home, dwelling 暑:sultry, hot, summer heat 所:place 章:badge, chapter, composition, poem, design 昭:shining, bright 商:make a deal, selling, dealing in, merchant 勝:victory, win, prevail, excel 消:extinguish, blow out, turn off, neutralize, cancel 植:plant 進:advance, proceed, progress, promote 深:deep, heighten, intensify, strengthen 真:true, reality, Buddhist sect 身:somebody, person, one's station in life 申:speaketh, have the honor to, ninth sign of Chinese zodiac, sign of the monkey 神:gods, mind, soul 持:hold, have 次:next, order, sequence 事:matter, thing, fact, business, reason, possibly 実:reality, truth 受:accept, undergo, answer (phone), take, get, catch, receive 重:heavy, heap up, pile up, nest of boxes, -fold 住:dwell, reside, live, inhabit 助:help, rescue, assist 乗:ride, power, multiplication, record, counter for vehicles, board, mount, join 整:organize, arranging, tune, tone, meter, key (music) 世:generation, world, society, public 昔:once upon a time, antiquity, old times 全:whole, entire, all, complete, fulfill 送:escort, send 箱:box, chest, case, bin, railway car 相:inter-, mutual, together, each other, minister of state, councillor, aspect, phase, physiognomy 想:concept, think, idea, thought 息:breath, respiration, son, interest (on money) 速:quick, fast 族:tribe, family 他:other, another, the others 待:wait, depend on 対:vis-a-vis, opposite, even, equal, versus, anti-, compare 炭:charcoal, coal 短:short, brevity, fault, defect, weak point 打:strike, hit, knock, pound, dozen 題:topic, subject 代:substitute, change, convert, replace, period, age, generation, charge, rate, fee 第:No., residence 談:discuss, talk 着:don, arrive, wear, counter for suits of clothing 注:pour, irrigate, shed (tears), flow into, concentrate on, notes, comment, annotate 柱:pillar, post, cylinder, support 調:tune, tone, meter, key (music), writing style, prepare, exorcise, investigate 帳:notebook, account book, album 丁:street, ward, town, counter for guns, tools, leaves or cakes of something, even number, 4th calendar sign 追:chase, drive away, follow, pursue, meanwhile 庭:courtyard, garden, yard 定:determine, fix, establish, decide 笛:flute, clarinet, pipe, whistle, bagpipe, piccolo 鉄:iron 転:revolve, turn around, change 都:metropolis, capital 島:island 投:throw, discard, abandon, launch into, join, invest in, hurl, give up, sell at a loss 等:etc., and so forth, class (1st), quality, equal, similar 湯:hot water, bath, hot spring 豆:beans, pea, midget 登:ascend, climb up 度:degrees, occurrence, time, counter for occurrences 動:move, motion, change, confusion, shift, shake 童:juvenile, child 農:agriculture, farmers 波:waves, billows, Poland 配:distribute, spouse, exile, rationing 発:discharge, departure, publish, emit, start from, disclose 坂:slope, incline, hill 板:plank, board, plate, stage 反:anti- 倍:double, twice, times, fold 悲:jail cell, grieve, sad, deplore, regret 皮:pelt, skin, hide, leather 筆:writing brush, writing, painting brush, handwriting 表:surface, table, chart, diagram 氷:icicle, ice, hail, freeze, congeal 品:goods, refinement, dignity, article, counter for meal courses 鼻:nose, snout 美:beauty, beautiful 秒:second (1/60 minute) 病:ill, sick 負:defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility 夫:husband, man 福:blessing, fortune, luck, wealth 服:clothing, admit, obey, discharge 部:section, bureau, dept, class, copy, part, portion, counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine 物:thing, object, matter 平:even, flat, peace 返:return, answer, fade, repay 皿:dish, a helping, plate 勉:exertion 放:set free, release, fire, shoot, emit, banish, liberate 味:flavor, taste 命:fate, command, decree, destiny, life, appoint 面:mask, face, features, surface 問:question, ask, problem 薬:medicine, chemical, enamel, gunpowder, benefit 役:duty, war, campaign, drafted labor, office, service, role 油:oil, fat 由:wherefore, a reason 有:possess, have, exist, happen, occur, approx 遊:play 予:beforehand, previous, myself, I 洋:ocean, western style 葉:leaf, plane, lobe, needle, blade, spear, counter for flat things, fragment, piece 陽:sunshine, yang principle, positive, male, heaven, daytime 羊:sheep 様:Esq., way, manner, situation, polite suffix 落:fall, drop, come down 流:current, a sink, flow, forfeit 旅:trip, travel 両:both, old Japanese coin, counter for vehicles, two 緑:green 礼:salute, bow, ceremony, thanks, remuneration 列:file, row, rank, tier, column 練:practice, gloss, train, drill, polish, refine 路:path, route, road, distance 和:harmony, Japanese style, peace, soften, Japan 四年生 愛:love, affection, favourite  案:plan, suggestion, draft, ponder, fear, proposition, idea, expectation, bill, worry 胃:stomach, paunch, crop, craw 囲:surround, besiege, store, paling, enclosure, encircle, preserve, keep 位:rank, grade, throne, crown, about, some 以:by means of, because, in view of, compared with 衣:garment, clothes, dressing 印:stamp, seal, mark, imprint, symbol, emblem, trademark, evidence, souvenir, India 英:England, English 栄:flourish, prosperity, honor, glory, splendor 塩:salt 央:center, middle  億:hundred million, 10**8 課:chapter, lesson, section, department, division, counter for chapters (of a book) 貨:freight, goods, property 加:add, addition, increase, join, include, Canada 果:fruit, reward, carry out, achieve, complete, end, finish, succeed 改:reformation, change, modify, mend, renew, examine, inspect, search 械:contraption, fetter, machine, instrument 各:each, every, either 覚:memorize, learn, remember, awake, sober up 官: bureaucrat, the government 完:perfect, completion, end 管:pipe, tube, wind instrument, drunken talk 関:connection, barrier, gateway, involve, concerning 観:outlook, look, appearance, condition, view 芽:bud, sprout, spear, germ 害:harm, injury 街:boulevard, street, town 願:petition, request, vow, wish, hope 紀:chronicle, account, narrative, history, annals, geologic period 季:seasons 器:utensil, vessel, receptacle, implement, instrument, ability, container, tool, set 機:mechanism, opportunity, occasion, machine, airplane 旗:national flag, banner, standard 喜:rejoice, take pleasure in 希:hope, beg, request, pray, beseech, Greece, dilute (acid), rare, few, phenomenal 救:salvation, save, help, rescue, reclaim 給:salary, wage, gift, allow, grant, bestow on 泣:cry, weep, moan 求:request, want, wish for, require, demand 挙:raise, plan, project, behavior, actions 協:co-, cooperation 共:together, both, neither, all, and, alike, with 鏡:mirror, speculum, barrel-head, round rice-cake offering 競:emulate, compete with, bid, sell at auction, bout, contest, race 極:poles, settlement, conclusion, end, highest rank, electric poles, very, extremely, most, highly, 10**48 議:deliberation, consultation, debate, consideration 漁:fishing, fishery 訓:instruction, Japanese character reading, explanation, read 軍:army, force, troops, war, battle 郡:county, district 景:scenery, view 型:mould, type, model 径:diameter, path, method 結:tie, bind, contract, join, organize, do up hair, fasten 欠:lack, gap, fail 健:healthy, health, strength, persistence 験:verification, effect, testing 建:build 芸:technique, art, craft, performance, acting, trick, stunt 固:harden, set, clot, curdle 康:ease, peace 航:navigate, sail, cruise, fly 好:fond, pleasing, like something 候:climate, season, weather 功:achievement, merits, success, honor, credit 告:revelation, tell, inform, announce 差:distinction, difference, variation, discrepancy, margin, balance 菜:vegetable, side dish, greens 最:utmost, most, extreme 昨:yesterday, previous 察:guess, presume, surmise, judge, understand 刷:printing, print 札:tag, papermoney, counter for bonds, placard, bid 殺:kill, murder, butcher, slice off, split, diminish, reduce, spoil 産:products, bear, give birth, yield, childbirth, native, property 散:scatter, disperse, spend, squander 参:nonplussed, three, going, coming, visiting, visit, be defeated, die, be madly in love 材:lumber, log, timber, wood, talent 残 :remainder, leftover, balance 史:history, chronicle 士:gentleman, samurai 氏:family name, surname, clan 試:test, try, attempt, experiment, ordeal 司:director, official, govt office, rule, administer 失:lose, error, fault, disadvantage, loss 借:borrow, rent 種:species, kind, class, variety, seed 周:circumference, circuit, lap 祝:celebrate, congratulate 初:first time, beginning 照:illuminate, shine, compare, bashful 唱:chant, recite, call upon, yell 賞:prize, reward, praise 松:pine tree 焼:bake, burning 笑:laugh 象:elephant, pattern after, imitate, image, shape, sign (of the times) 信:faith, truth, fidelity, trust 臣:retainer, subject 辞:resign, word, term, expression 治:reign, be at peace, calm down, subdue, quell, govt, cure, heal, rule, conserve 児:newborn babe, child, young of animals 順:obey, order, turn, right, docility, occasion 省:ocus, government ministry, conserve 清:pure, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu dynasty 静:quiet 成 :turn into, become, get, grow, elapse, reach 積:volume, product (x*y), acreage, contents, pile up, stack, load, amass 席:seat, mat, occasion, place 折:fold, break, fracture, bend, yield, submit 節:node, season, period, occasion, verse, clause, stanza, honor, joint, knuckle, knob, knot, tune, melody 説:rumor, opinion, theory 浅:shallow, superficial, frivolous, wretched, shameful 戦:war, battle, match 選:elect, select, choose, prefer 然:sort of thing, so, if so, in that case, well 争:contend, dispute, argue 倉:godown, warehouse, storehouse, cellar, treasury 巣:nest, rookery, hive, cobweb, den 側:side, lean, oppose, regret 束:bundle, sheaf, ream, tie in bundles, govern, manage, control 卒:graduate, soldier, private, die 孫:grandchild, descendants 続:continue, series, sequel 隊:regiment, party, company, squad 帯:sash, belt, obi, zone, region 達:accomplished, reach, arrive, attain 単:simple, one, single, merely 置:placement, put, set, deposit, leave behind, keep, employ, pawn 仲:go-between, relationship 貯:savings, store, lay in, keep, wear mustache 兆:portent, 10**12, trillion, sign, omen, symptoms 腸:intestines, guts, bowels, viscera 底:bottom, sole, depth, bottom price, base, kind, sort 停:halt, stopping 低:lower, short, humble 的:bull's eye, mark, target, object, adjective ending 典:code, ceremony, law, rule 伝:transmit, go along, walk along, follow, report, communicate, legend, tradition 徒:junior, emptiness, vanity, futility, uselessness, ephemeral thing, gang, set, party, people 灯:lamp, a light, light, counter for lights 特:special 得:gain, get, find, earn, acquire, can, may, able to, profit, advantage, benefit 努:toil, diligent, as much as possible 堂:public chamber, hall 働:work, (kokuji) 毒:poison, virus, venom, germ, harm, injury, spite 熱:heat, temperature, fever, mania, passion 念:wish, sense, idea, thought, feeling, desire, attention 敗:failure, defeat, reversal 博:Dr., command, esteem, win acclaim, Ph.D., exposition, fair 飯:meal, boiled rice 梅:plum 費:expense, cost, spend, consume, waste 飛:fly, skip (pages), scatter 必:invariably, certain, inevitable 票:ballot, label, ticket, sign 標:signpost, seal, mark, stamp, imprint, symbol, emblem, trademark, evidence, souvenir, target 府:borough, urban prefecture, govt office, representative body, storehouse 付:adhere, attach, refer to, append 不:negative, non-, bad, ugly, clumsy 副:vice-, duplicate, copy 粉:flour, powder, dust 兵:soldier, private, troops, army, warfare, strategy, tactics 辺:environs, boundary, border, vicinity 変:unusual, change, strange 別:separate, branch off, diverge, fork, another, extra, specially 便:convenience 包:wrap, pack up, cover, conceal 法:method, law, rule, principle, model, system 望:ambition, full moon, hope, desire, aspire to, expect 牧:breed, care for, shepherd, feed, pasture 末:not yet, end, close, tip, powder, posterity 満:full, enough, pride, satisfy 未:un-, not yet, hitherto, still, even now, eighth sign of Chinese zodiac, sign of the ram 脈:vein, pulse, hope 民:people, nation, subjects 無:nothingness, none, ain't, nothing, nil, not 約:promise, approximately, shrink 勇:courage, cheer up, be in high spirits, bravery, heroism 要:need, main point, essence, pivot, key to 養:foster, bring up, rear, develop, nurture 浴:bathe, be favored with, bask in 利:profit, advantage, benefit 陸:land, six 料:fee, materials 量:quantity, measure, weight, amount, consider, estimate, surmise 良:good, pleasing, skilled 輪:wheel, ring, circle, link, loop, counter for wheels and flowers 類:sort, kind, variety, class, genus 令:orders, ancient laws, command, decree 例:example, custom, usage, precedent 冷:cool, cold (beer, person), chill 歴:curriculum, continuation, passage of time 連:take along, lead, join, connect, party, gang, clique 老:old man, old age, grow old 労:labor, thank for, reward for, toil, trouble 録:record 五年生 圧:pressure, push, overwhelm, oppress, dominate 移:shift, move, change, drift, catch (cold, fire), pass into 因:cause, factor, be associated with, depend on, be limited to 営:occupation, camp, perform, build, conduct (business) 永:eternity, long, lengthy 衛:defense, protection 液:fluid, liquid, juice, sap, secretion 易:easy, fortune-telling, ready to, simple, divination 益:benefit, gain, profit, advantage 演:performance, act, play, render, stage 応:apply, answer, yes, OK, reply, accept 往:journey, chase away, let go, going, travel 桜:cherry 恩:grace, kindness, goodness, favor, mercy, blessing, benefit 河:river 過:overdo, exceed, go beyond, error 価:value, price 仮:sham, temporary, interim, assumed (name), informal 可:can, passable, mustn't, should not, do not 快:cheerful, pleasant, agreeable, comfortable 解:unravel, notes, key, explanation, understanding, untie, undo, solve, answer, cancel, absolve, explain, minute 確:assurance, firm, tight, hard, solid, confirm, clear, evident 格:status, rank, capacity, character, case (law, grammar) 刊:publish, carve, engrave 慣:accustomed, get used to, become experienced 幹:tree-trunk 賀:congratulations, joy 額:forehead, tablet, plaque, framed picture, sum, amount, volume 眼:eyeball 規:standard, measure 基:fundamentals, radical (chem), counter for machines, foundation 寄:draw near, stop in, bring near, gather, collect, send, forward 旧:old times, old things, old friend, former, ex- 久:long time, old story 許:permit, approve 居:reside, to be, exist, live with 境:boundary, border, region 禁:prohibition, ban, forbid 均:level, average 義:righteousness, justice, morality, honor, loyalty, meaning 技:skill, art, craft, ability, feat, performance, vocation, arts 逆:inverted, reverse, opposite, wicked 句:phrase, clause, sentence, passage, paragraph, counter for haiku 群:flock, group, crowd, herd, swarm, cluster 経:sutra, longitude, pass thru, expire, warp 潔:undefiled, pure, clean, righteous, gallant 券:ticket 件:affair, case, matter, item 険:precipitous, inaccessible place, impregnable position, steep place, sharp eyes 検:examination, investigate 現:present, existing, actual 限:limit, restrict, to best of ability 減 :dwindle, decrease, reduce, decline, curtail, get hungry 故:happenstance, especially, intentionally, reason, cause, circumstances, the late, therefore, consequently 個:individual, counter for articles and military units 講:lecture, club, association 厚:thick, heavy, rich, kind, cordial, brazen, shameless 鉱:mineral, ore 構:posture, build, pretend 効:merit, efficacy, efficiency, benefit 耕:till, plow, cultivate 興:entertain, revive, retrieve, interest, pleasure 混:mix, blend, confuse 護:safeguard, protect 査:investigate 際:occasion, side, edge, verge, dangerous, adventurous, indecent, time, when 妻:wife, spouse 採:pick, take, fetch, take up 災:disaster, calamity, woe, curse, evil 再:again, twice, second time 酸:acid, bitterness, sour, tart 賛:approve, praise, title or inscription on picture, assist, agree with 在:exist, outskirts, suburbs, located in  罪:guilt, sin, crime, fault, blame, offense 財:property, money, wealth, assets 雑:miscellaneous 資:assets, resources, capital, funds, data, be conducive to, contribute to 師:expert, teacher, master, army, war 枝:bough, branch, twig, limb 飼:domesticate, raise, keep, feed 支:branch, support, sustain 志:intention, plan, resolve, aspire, motive, hopes, shilling 識:discriminating, know, write 質:substance, quality, matter, temperament 謝:apologize, thank, refuse 舎:cottage, inn, hut, house, mansion 修:discipline, conduct oneself well, study, master 証:evidence, proof, certificate 承:aquiesce, hear, listen to, be informed, receive 招:beckon, invite, summon, engage 織: weave, fabric 職:post, employment, work 似:becoming, resemble, counterfeit, imitate, suitable 示:show, indicate, point out, express, display 授:impart, instruct, grant, confer 術:art, technique, skill, means, trick, resources, magic 述:mention, state, speak, relate 準:semi-, correspond to, proportionate to, conform, imitate 序:preface, beginning, order, precedence, occasion, chance, incidentally 状:status quo, conditions, circumstances, form, appearance 常:usual, ordinary, normal, regular 情:feelings, emotion, passion, sympathy, circumstances, facts 条:article, clause, item, stripe, streak 製:made in..., manufacture 制:system, law, rule 性:sex, gender, nature 政:politics, government 精:refined, ghost, fairy, energy, vitality, semen, excellence, purity, skill 勢:forces, energy, military strength 績:exploits, unreeling cocoons 責:blame, condemn, censure 設:establishment, provision, prepare 接:touch, contact, adjoin, piece together 銭:coin, .01 yen, money 税:tax, duty 舌:tongue, reed, clapper 絶:discontinue, beyond, sever, cut off, abstain, interrupt, suppress 祖:ancestor, pioneer, founder 素:elementary, principle, naked, uncovered 総:general, whole, all, full, total  則:rule, follow, based on, model after 測:fathom, plan, scheme, measure 率:ratio, rate, proportion, %, coefficient, factor 損:damage, loss, disadvantage, hurt, injure 像:statue, picture, image, figure, portrait 造:create, make, structure, physique 増:increase, add, augment, gain, promote 属:belong, genus, subordinate official, affiliated 貸:lend 退:retreat, withdraw, retire, resign, repel, expel, reject 態:attitude, condition, figure, appearance, voice (of verbs) 断:severance, decline, refuse, apologize, warn, dismiss, prohibit, decision, judgement, cutting 団:group, association 築:fabricate, build, construct 張:lengthen, counter for bows & stringed instruments, stretch, spread, put up (tent) 程:extent, degree, law, formula, distance, limits, amount 提:propose, take along, carry in hand 敵:enemy, foe, opponent 適:suitable, occasional, rare, qualified, capable 統:overall, relationship, ruling, governing 徳:benevolence, virtue, goodness, commanding respect 銅:copper 導:guidance, leading, conduct, usher 独:single, alone, spontaneously, Germany 任:responsibility, duty, term, entrust to, appoint 燃:burn, blaze, glow 能:ability, talent, skill, capacity 破:rend, rip, tear, break, destroy, defeat, frustrate 版:printing block, printing plate, edition, impression, label 判:judgement, signature, stamp, seal 犯:crime, sin, offense 非:un-, mistake, negative, injustice, non- 比:compare, race, ratio, Phillipines 肥:fertilizer, get fat, fertile, manure, pamper 評:evaluate, criticism, comment 俵:bag, bale, sack, counter for bags 貧:poverty, poor 備:equip, provision, preparation 婦:lady, woman, wife, bride 布:linen, cloth 富:wealth, enrich, abundant 複:duplicate, double, compound, multiple 復:restore, return to, revert, resume 武:warrior, military, chivalry, arms 仏:Buddha, the dead, France 編:compilation, knit, plait, braid, twist, editing, completed poem, part of a book 弁:valve, petal, braid, speech, dialect, discrimination, dispose of, distinguish 保:protect, guarantee, keep, preserve, sustain, support 報:report, news, reward, retribution 豊:bountiful, excellent, rich 墓:grave, tomb 貿:trade, exchange 防:ward off, defend, protect, resist 暴:outburst, rave, fret, force, violence, cruelty, outrage 務:task, duties 夢:dream, vision, illusion 迷:astray, be perplexed, in doubt, lost, err, illusion 綿:cotton 輸:transport, send, be inferior 預:deposit, custody, leave with, entrust to 余:too much, myself, surplus, other, remainder 容:contain, form, looks 略:abbreviation, omission, outline, shorten, capture, plunder 留:detain, fasten, halt, stop 領:jurisdiction, dominion, territory, fief, reign 六年生 異:uncommon, queerness, strangeness, wonderful, curious, unusual 遺:bequeath, leave behind, reserve 域:range, region, limits, stage, level 宇:eaves, roof, house, heaven 映:reflect, reflection, projection 沿:run alongside, follow along, run along, lie along 延:prolong, stretching 届:deliver, reach, arrive, report, notify, forward 灰:ashes, puckery juice, cremate 閣:tower, tall building, palace 革:leather, become serious, skin, hide, pelt 拡:broaden, extend, expand, enlarge 割:proportion, comparatively, divide, cut, separate, split 簡:simplicity, brevity 干:dry, parch 看:watch over, see 巻:scroll, volume, book, part, roll up, wind up, tie, coil, counter for texts (on book scrolls) 我:ego, I, selfish, our, oneself 危:dangerous, fear, uneasy 貴:precious, value, prize, esteem, honor 机:desk, table 揮:brandish, wave, wag, swing, shake 吸:suck, imbibe, inhale, sip 胸:bosom, breast, chest, heart, feelings 供:submit, offer, present, serve (meal), accompany 郷:home town, village, native place, district 筋:muscle, sinew, tendon, fiber, plot, plan, descent 勤:diligence, become employed, serve 疑:doubt, distrust, be suspicious, question 系:lineage, system 警:admonish, commandment 敬:awe, respect, honor, revere 穴:hole, aperture, slit, cave, den 憲:constitution, law 絹:silk 権:authority, power, rights 劇:drama, play 激:violent, get excited, enraged, chafe, incite 源:source, origin 厳:stern, strictness, severity, rigidity 呼:call, call out to, invite 己:self, snake, serpent 鋼:steel 皇:emperor 孝:filial piety, child's respect 紅:crimson, deep red 降:descend, precipitate, fall, surrender 后:empress, queen, after, behind, back, later 穀:cereals, grain 刻:engrave, cut fine, chop, hash, mince, time, carving 骨:skeleton, bone, remains, frame 困:quandary, become distressed, annoyed 誤:mistake, err, do wrong, mislead 砂:sand 裁:tailor, judge, decision, cut out (pattern) 済:finish, come to an end, excusable, need not 策:scheme, plan, policy, step, means 冊:tome, counter for books, volume 蚕:silkworm 座:squat, seat, cushion, gathering, sit 誌:document, records 詞:part of speech, words, poetry 至:climax, arrive, proceed, reach, attain, result in 姿:figure, form, shape 視:inspection, regard as, see, look at 私:private, I, me 射:shoot, shine into, onto, archery 捨:discard, throw away, abandon, resign, reject, sacrifice 尺:shaku, Japanese foot, measure, scale, rule 株:stocks, stump, shares, stock, counter for small plants 収:income, obtain, reap, pay, supply, store 衆:masses, great numbers, multitude, populace 就:concerning, settle, take position, depart, study, per 宗:religion, sect, denomination, main point, origin, essence 縮:shrink, contract, shrivel, wrinkle, reduce 署:signature, govt office, police station 処:dispose, manage, deal with, sentence, condemn, act, behave, place 諸:various, many, several, together 傷:wound, hurt, injure, impair, pain, injury, cut, gash, scar, weak point 障:hinder, hurt, harm 将:leader, commander, general, admiral, or, and again, soon, from now on, just about 針:needle, pin, staple, stinger 磁:magnet, porcelain 若:young, if, perhaps, possibly, low number, immature 樹:timber trees, wood 縦:vertical, length, height, self-indulgent, wayward 従:accompany, obey, submit to, comply, follow, secondary, incidental, subordinate 熟:mellow, ripen, mature, acquire skill 純 :genuine, purity, innocence, net (profit) 除:exclude, division (x/3), remove, abolish, cancel, except 城:castle 蒸:steam, heat, sultry, foment, get musty 仁:humanity, virtue, benevolence, charity, man, kernel 推:conjecture, infer, guess, suppose, support 垂:droop, suspend, hang, slouch 寸:measurement, foot/10 誠:sincerity, admonish, warn, prohibit, truth, fidelity 聖:holy, saint, sage, master, priest 盛:boom, prosper, copulate 洗:wash, inquire into, probe 泉:spring, fountain 染:dye, color, paint, stain, print 宣:proclaim, say, announce 専:specialty, exclusive, mainly, solely 善:virtuous, good, goodness 層:stratum, social class, layer, story, floor 奏:play music, speak to a ruler, complete 操:maneuver, manipulate, operate, steer, chastity, virginity, fidelity 創:genesis, wound, injury, hurt, start, originate 装:attire, dress, pretend, disguise, profess 窓:window, pane 尊:revered, valuable, precious, noble, exalted 存:suppose, be aware of, believe, feel 臓:entrails, viscera, bowels 蔵:storehouse, hide, own, have, possess 宅:home, house, residence, our house, my husband 誕:nativity, be born, declension, lie, be arbitrary 担:shouldering, carry, raise, bear 探:grope, search, look for 段:grade, steps, stairs 暖:warmth 値:price, cost, value 忠:loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness 宙:mid-air, air, space, sky, memorization, interval of time 著:renowned, publish, write, remarkable, phenomenal, put on, don, wear, arrival, finish (race), counter for suits of clothing, literary work 頂:place on the head, receive, top of head, top, summit, peak 潮:tide, salt water, opportunity  庁:government office 賃:fare, fee, hire, rent, wages, charge 痛:pain, hurt, damage, bruise 展:unfold, expand 糖:sugar 討:chastise, attack, defeat, destroy, conquer 党:party, faction, clique 難:difficult, impossible, trouble, accident, defect 乳:milk, breasts 認:acknowledge, witness, discern, recognize, appreciate, believe 脳:brain, memory 納:settlement, obtain, reap, pay, supply, store 派:faction, group, party, clique, sect, school 俳:haiku, actor 肺:lungs 拝:worship, adore, pray to 背:stature, height, back, behind, disobey, defy, go back on, rebel 班:squad, corps, unit, group 晩:nightfall, night 批:criticism, strike 否:negate, no, noes, refuse, decline, deny 秘:secret, conceal 腹:abdomen, belly, stomach 奮:stirred up, be invigorated, flourish 陛:highness, steps (of throne)  閉:closed, shut 並:row, and, besides, as well as, line up, rank with, rival, equal 片:one-sided, leaf, sheet  補:supplement, supply, make good, offset, compensate, assistant, learner 訪:call on, visit, look up, offer sympathy 宝:treasure, wealth, valuables 暮:livelihood, make a living, spend time 棒:rod, stick, cane, pole, club, line 忘:forget 亡:deceased, the late, dying, perish 枚:sheet of..., counter for flat thin objects or sheets 幕:curtain, bunting, act of play 密:secrecy, density (pop), minuteness, carefulness 盟:alliance, oath 模:imitation, copy, mock 訳:translate, reason, circumstance, case 郵:mail, stagecoach stop 優:tenderness, excel, surpass, actor, superiority, gentleness 幼:infancy, childhood 翌:the following, next 欲:longing, covetousness, greed, passion, desire, craving 卵:egg, ovum, spawn, roe 覧:perusal, see 乱:riot, war, disorder, disturb 裏:back, amidst, in, reverse, inside, palm, sole, rear, lining, wrong side 律:rhythm, law, regulation, gauge, control 臨:look to, face, meet, confront, attend, call on 朗:melodious, clear, bright, serene, cheerful 論:argument, discourse